Candle Making Supplies and Equipment
Once you have decided to take up candle-making, the next
step is to put together the supplies and equipment you will need. That might
seem a little overwhelming considering the list of supplies you may need. But,
what you need to do is to determine what supplies and equipment are necessary
and what might just be helpful. This article will cover the supplies and
equipment that are necessary and are also helpful when you begin your
Two of your necessary pieces of equipment are a double
boiler and a thermometer.
A double boiler is the safest and most efficient way for you
to melt your wax. You can either purchase a double boiler or you can use a
pitcher with a lip for pouring and a large pot for boiling water. You absolute
need to have a good thermometer. The temperature of the wax is the only way you
will know when it is the right time to put in additives, fragrance and dyes and
exactly when the wax should be removed from the heat source. A candy thermometer
will also work just as well for this process.
The next key element is the wax. The type of wax that you
will use to make your candles will be determined by the type of candles you are
going to make. As you get more seasoned with the candle-making process, you can
experiment. But, initially, you should use the type of wax that is specified
for that particular type of candle. Container candles take a soft wax, votive
candles take a medium wax and if you are making pillar candles, you need to use
a hard wax.
The next necessary supply you will need is wicks. There are
many different types of wicks and as you progress, you will begin to favor one
type of wick over another. There are pre-tabbed wicks and un-tabbed wicks. You
may want to try each one to see which one works for you. There are also
different thicknesses of wicks available and the size of the wick you will use
will be determined by the size of the candle that you are making. You should
read the label on the wick packet and it will tell you what size wick you
should use. There are also different types of wicks for paraffin wax versus soy
or all natural wax. All of these things factor into what type of wick you
should use. Experiment with these to find which types works for you. You may or may not want to scent your candles. If you decide
to scent them, you will need to decide what type of fragrance you want to use.
Again, you might need to experiment a little with different fragrances. Some
are more potent or concentrated than others and some work better in paraffin
wax but don’t work well in soy wax. Adjust the amount of fragrance you use
based on the type of wax you are using.
You may also want to color your candles. If you do, there
are many different types of dyes available. There are liquid, powdered, and dye
chips. Experiment with these different dyes to see what works better in the wax
that you are using. You should read the label on each of these types to see how
each one is added to the candle wax.
Here are some items that you don’t need to get started with
your candle-making, but may make the process a little easier for you: wick
stickers or glue dots will secure your wicks in place so that they don’t shift
when you pour your wax, wick chips will keep your wicks straight for you, a
digital scale is a more accurate way of weighing your wax and fragrance so that
you know exactly how much to use of each, wax additives will correct a
particular issue you may have with a particular wax, candle molds are needed if
you are making molded candles, a heat gun comes in handy for preheating
containers and correcting any imperfections you may get on the top of your
candle. Again, these items are not necessary so you may want to acquire these
items down the road.
As you gain more experience with your candle-making, you
will see that there are many more supplies and tools available for you to make
the process easier and more efficient. Part of the job of candle-making is
experimenting to make your candles unique.